From waste to fuel
Turn the scale and restore the balance –
The technology making it possible to turn plastic into usable oil
A solution to the plastic problem
Plastic had a huge impact on humans as it could be used in everything from clothing, packaging, bottles, and buckets for cleaning. At the same time, there are some negative aspects of plastic in relation to its ability to decompose, as most of the plastic is not biodegradable. Most of the plastic does not rot the same way as paper or food, and it can remain in nature for hundreds of years. This has a negative effect on animals and plant life in their habitats that are damaged by plastic waste that is left behind. Often, animals confuse plastic with food that is broken down into pieces and consume this with subsequent damage. Us humans have a responsibility to our planet and wildlife, and we can partially solve this by reycling the plastic.
Types of plastic
Plastic types have different chemical compositions because they are used for different purposes, and because of this, plastic waste will also vary. Some plastic products cannot be recycled and must be incinerated, while others are well suited for recycling to new plastics, oil, and other useful resources. Illustrated is a brief description of the plastic types that are well suited for plastic recycling.
Plastic is sorted by type. PP, PE, and PS are sent for crushing and washing if necessary. After this, one can run the plastic through a pyrolysis process and produce high quality oil, and one can also produce plastic pellets for further use. In addition, we deliver a special technology allowing other types of plastic to degrade alongside ~30% of organic material. A typical product as a result of this could can be a ceramic ash used to create stronger concrete in production of cement.
The word pyrolysis comes from Greek where ‘pyro’ means fire and ‘lysis’ means to separate. The pyrolysis process is based on different methods of thermal decomposition at various degrees that can vary from 300-900°C. Pyrolysis-derived plastic products can be complex and difficult to reuse for further refining. This is because many pyrolysis systems use such a high temperature that it degrades the quality of the final product. To achieve good quality of the final product, temperature in the pyrolysis chamber is a decisive factor. Our technology takes advantage of an advanced usage of several reactors, and without the use of a catalyst. The pyrolysis process uses a relatively low temperature of 300-450°C. This results of an end product of very high quality. The challenge of CO2 emissions is also a known challenge, but our systems have a unique technology that minimizes this. The design of the pyrolysis chamber divided into four separate reactors gives the geometrically decisive dimensions of the conversion process.
Our machines use a pyrolysis process based on the use of low temperature and without the use of catalyst. The technology is efficient and gives a utilization rate of 60-90% depending on the quality of the plastic. The oil produced is of very high quality due to the pyrolysis process which has a relatively low temperature compared to other alternative technologies. Light oil has a low utilization from 2-10% and gas 8-20%. The market price of light oil is higher due to the fact that it produces a higher percentage of gasoline and diesel when converted into an oil refinery. The machine also has a crucial high-tech particle filter that minimizes emissions.
Factory solution and additional services
Our machines can be effectively connected to a comprehensive production platform, where the individual machines are still able to function as independent production units. The production capacity can be from 2 tons per day up to a series connected platform with a daily capacity of 48 tons. For example, one machine named PTO-8 is a machine with a daily capacity of 8 tons. This machine consists of 2x 4-ton machines connected together. When machines are connected in this way, a stable operating situation will be achieved without full interruption during periodic maintenance and repairs. The operating situation results in an optimal solution with the machines for which no periodic maintenance or repairs are carried out can go into full operation. We offer the following value-added additional services:
Installation and implementation
Testing and post-inspection
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